Chapter

Clinical Applications of Ultrasound-Guided Regional Anesthesia

Hugh M. Smith

in Mayo Clinic Atlas of Regional Anesthesia and Ultrasound-Guided Nerve Blockade

Published on behalf of © Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research

Published in print April 2010 | ISBN: 9780199743032
Published online June 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199929597 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199743032.003.0008

Series: Mayo Clinic Scientific Press

Clinical Applications of Ultrasound-Guided Regional Anesthesia

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Ultrasound-guided regional anesthesia involves six steps: preparation, visualization, approximation, interrogation, deposition, and evaluation. Each step is reviewed in detail. Preparation includes patient positioning, monitor placement, draping, and equipment placement. Visualization involves scanning the anesthesia area to identify relevant anatomy. Approximation is determining how best to approach the target nerve with the needle. Interrogation involves nerve stimulation to determine correct needle placement so that deposition of the anesthetic can take place. Finally, evaluation of the effectiveness of the block allows for rescue options if needed. Clinical pearls and common errors and pitfalls related to ultrasound-guided regional anesthesia are also included.

Chapter.  3882 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Anaesthetics

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