Chapter

Mycobacteria

Irene G. Sia

in Mayo Clinic Infectious Diseases Board Review

Published on behalf of © Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research

Published in print January 2012 | ISBN: 9780199827626
Published online June 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199929641 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199827626.003.0011

Series: Mayo Clinic Scientific Press

Mycobacteria

Show Summary Details

Preview

Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex is made up of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Mycobacterium bovis, Mycobacterium africanum, and Mycobacterium microti.

Humans are the only natural reservoir of M tuberculosis. Mycobacterium bovis is caused by consumption of unpasteurized milk products from an infected cow. Cattle-to-human transmission also occurs. Patients with tuberculosis (TB) usually present with fever; less commonly, pleuritic chest pain, retrosternal or interscapular pain. Physical examination findings are usually normal. Hilar adenopathy is typical, often resolving in 1 year or more. Disease manifestations of other mycobacterial infection are also reviewed.

Chapter.  5192 words. 

Subjects: Infectious Diseases

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Buy this work at Oxford University Press »

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.