Chapter

<i>Candida</i> Species

Shimon Kusne and Ann E. McCullough

in Mayo Clinic Infectious Diseases Board Review

Published on behalf of © Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research

Published in print January 2012 | ISBN: 9780199827626
Published online June 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199929641 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199827626.003.0013

Series: Mayo Clinic Scientific Press

Candida Species

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Candida are oval yeast that are 4 to 6 μm in diameter. They reproduce by budding, usually producing pseudohyphae (budding yeast without full detachment of daughter cell). Identification is usually based on morphology and sugar assimilation. Of the species that are human pathogens the most common (over 60% of cases) is Candida albicans. Others include Candida dubliniensis, Candida glabrata, Candida parapsilosis, Candida tropicalis, Candida kefyr (formerly Candida pseudotropicalis), Candida krusei, Candida lusitaniae, and Candida guilliermondii. Disease manifestations and treatment are reviewed.

Chapter.  1760 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Infectious Diseases

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