Chapter

Blastomyces dermatitidis

Janis E Blair

in Mayo Clinic Infectious Diseases Board Review

Published on behalf of © Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research

Published in print January 2012 | ISBN: 9780199827626
Published online June 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199929641 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199827626.003.0016

Series: Mayo Clinic Scientific Press

Blastomyces dermatitidis

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Blastomyces dermatitidis is a fungus endemic in the central and eastern United States. It is coendemic with Histoplasma capsulatum in much of the central and southeastern United States, including the Mississippi and Ohio river valleys. Distribution of B dermatitidis extends farther north and west than H capsulatum and includes northern Wisconsin, Minnesota, Ontario, and Manitoba. Fungal growth occurs in nitrogen-rich soils close to streams, rivers, and lakes. Many outbreaks of blastomycosis occur within 100 meters of recreational water. Infection can be asymptomatic or can cause flulike symptoms, pneumonia, or skin, bone or CNS manifestations. Diagnosis and treatment are also reviewed.

Chapter.  1342 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Infectious Diseases

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