Chapter

Cryptococcus neoformans

Shimon Kusne and Ann E McCullough

in Mayo Clinic Infectious Diseases Board Review

Published on behalf of © Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research

Published in print January 2012 | ISBN: 9780199827626
Published online June 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199929641 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199827626.003.0020

Series: Mayo Clinic Scientific Press

Cryptococcus neoformans

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Cryptococcosis is caused by 2 varieties of Cryptococcus neoformans: Cryptococcus neoformans var neoformans (serotypes A and D) and Cryptococcus neoformans var gatti (serotypes B and C). Serotypes A and D are found worldwide, mostly in avian droppings. Serotypes B and C are found in tropical and subtropical countries in association with eucalyptus trees. Infection can cause pneumonia, meningitis, or meningoencephalitis. It can also cause headache, fever, and unstable gait, especially in patients with AIDS. Diagnosis and treatment are also reviewed.

Chapter.  2072 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Infectious Diseases

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