Chapter

Emerging Fungal Infections

Holenarasipur R. Vikram

in Mayo Clinic Infectious Diseases Board Review

Published on behalf of © Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research

Published in print January 2012 | ISBN: 9780199827626
Published online June 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199929641 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199827626.003.0021

Series: Mayo Clinic Scientific Press

Emerging Fungal Infections

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Emerging fungal infections include zygomycosis, fusariosis, Pseudallescheria boydii infection, and dematiaceous fungal infections. Zygomycosis is usually acquired through inhalation, ingestion, or cutaneous exposure. Fusarium species are filamentous fungi widely distributed on plants and in soil. Water distribution systems and soil of potted plants in hospitals can lead to disseminated fusariosis in immunocompromised patients. Pseudallescheria boydii is a hyaline filamentous fungus found worldwide in soil, sewage, polluted water, decaying vegetation, and manure of farm animals. It is usually acquired by inhalation or transcutaneous exposure. Dematiaceous fungi are widespread in the environment in soil, wood, and decomposing organic debris. They are common in tropical and subtropical countries. Diagnosis and treatment of individual organisms are also reviewed.

Chapter.  3169 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Infectious Diseases

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