Priya Sampathkumar

in Mayo Clinic Infectious Diseases Board Review

Published on behalf of © Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research

Published in print January 2012 | ISBN: 9780199827626
Published online June 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199929641 | DOI:

Series: Mayo Clinic Scientific Press


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There are 2 basic types of pneumonia: community-acquired pneumonia and nosocomial pneumonia. Community-acquired pneumonia is an acute infection of the pulmonary parenchyma acquired while the patient was in the community rather than in a hospital. Older or immunosuppressed patients with CAP may present with nonrespiratory symptoms: confusion, failure to thrive, worsening of an underlying chronic illness, or falls. Nosocomial pneumonia: pneumonia that develops more than 48 hours after admission to a health care facility and which was not incubating at the time of admission. Prevention, diagnosis, and treatment are also reviewed.

Chapter.  4433 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Infectious Diseases

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