Chapter

Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss

Darius Kohan

in Neurotology

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

Published in print October 2014 | ISBN: 9780199843985
Published online November 2014 | e-ISBN: 9780199348992 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199843985.003.0002

Series: What Do I Do Now

Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss

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Sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) is a condition commonly encountered in the neurologic and neurotologic practice. Viruses, ischemic events, autoimmune disease, and CNS lesions are thought to be the more common etiologies, although a more complete differential is discussed in the text. Diagnostic work up includes full audiometry and MRI scanning. Other testing must be targeted and individualized. Timing of treatment is as early as possible concurrent with work-up. Corticosteroids systemic therapy and/or intratympanic administration in conjunction with adjuvant modalities are discussed. The American Academy of Otolaryngology- guidelines for diagnosis and treatment are presented. Auditory rehabilitation with amplification and assistive listening devices may be used for residual auditory deficits depending on severity of hearing loss.

Chapter.  1734 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Neurology

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