Cardiovascular Examination

Clarence Shub

in Mayo Clinic Cardiology

Fourth edition

Published on behalf of © Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research

Published in print November 2012 | ISBN: 9780199915712
Published online May 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780199322824 | DOI:

Series: Mayo Clinic Scientific Press

Cardiovascular Examination

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The physical examination, including the general appearance of the patient, is an extremely important component of cardiology examinations. Important clues to a cardiac diagnosis can be obtained from inspection of the patient. Blood pressure should always be determined in both arms and in the legs if there is any suspicion of coarctation of the aorta. The patient should be examined in both the supine and the left lateral decubitus position. Abnormal waveforms in the jugular veins reflect abnormal hemodynamics of the right side of the heart. Heart sounds, including clicking, splitting, intensity, and snap, should be evaluated. Murmurs should also be evaluated because they may indicate conditions requiring treatment.

Chapter.  11793 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Cardiovascular Medicine

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