Chapter

Evidence-Based Medicine and Statistics in Cardiology

Charanjit S. Rihal

in Mayo Clinic Cardiology

Fourth edition

Published on behalf of © Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research

Published in print November 2012 | ISBN: 9780199915712
Published online May 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780199322824 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199915712.003.0106

Series: Mayo Clinic Scientific Press

Evidence-Based Medicine and Statistics in Cardiology

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Evidence-based medicine is the conscientious and explicit use of the current best evidence from systematic research to guide medical decision making in the care of individual patients. Its practice takes into consideration 3 elements: clinical setting, scientific evidence, and physician-patient factors. Cardiology examinations test an understanding of the basic principles of biostatistics and their use in medical decision making with statistical questions about the probability of disease or therapeutic outcomes and the evaluation of diagnostic test results. Medical decision making requires the appropriate understanding and application of diagnostic test results, which include historical information, physical examination findings, and laboratory evaluations. The performance of a diagnostic test is assessed by comparing the results of the diagnostic test with the results of a criterion standard in a study population.

Chapter.  3321 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Cardiovascular Medicine

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