Chapter

Syncope: Diagnosis and Treatment

Win-Kuang Shen

in Mayo Clinic Cardiology

Fourth edition

Published on behalf of © Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research

Published in print November 2012 | ISBN: 9780199915712
Published online May 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780199322824 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199915712.003.0627

Series: Mayo Clinic Scientific Press

Syncope: Diagnosis and Treatment

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Diagnosis and prognosis are 2 key objectives in syncope evaluation. The diagnosis of the cause of syncope determines the appropriate therapy to prevent recurrent syncope. The prognosis of a patient with syncope has broader implications, including the risk of recurrent syncope, sudden cardiac death, and overall survival. Prevention of recurrent syncope is determined by the effectiveness of therapy for a given condition. A clear understanding of the interrelationships between diagnosis and prognosis during syncope evaluation allows physicians to deduce an effective management approach. This chapter summarizes key areas for patient evaluation and management, including definition and differential diagnosis of syncope, pertinent history and physical examination findings, appropriate use of diagnostic testing, and treatment of various conditions causing syncope.

Chapter.  5794 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Cardiovascular Medicine

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