Chapter

Renal Artery Disease

Verghese Mathew

in Mayo Clinic Cardiology

Fourth edition

Published on behalf of © Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research

Published in print November 2012 | ISBN: 9780199915712
Published online May 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780199322824 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199915712.003.0950

Series: Mayo Clinic Scientific Press

Renal Artery Disease

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Obstructive disease of the renal arteries can be categorized as either atherosclerosis (the majority of renal artery stenosis cases) or fibromuscular dysplasia. Atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis may result in hypertension or ischemic nephropathy (or both), and renal artery stenosis is the most commonly identified cause of secondary hypertension. Renal fibromuscular dysplasia occurs in younger patients, in females more than males, and often in secondary or distal branches. Renal artery revascularization for patients with renal fibromuscular dysplasia is often curative for hypertension control. Diagnostic testing methods are also reviewed.

Chapter.  2670 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Cardiovascular Medicine

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