Chapter

Hypertension

Adrian J. B. Brady, R. Scott Wright and Joseph G. Murphy

in Mayo Clinic Cardiology

Fourth edition

Published on behalf of © Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research

Published in print November 2012 | ISBN: 9780199915712
Published online May 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780199322824 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199915712.003.1180

Series: Mayo Clinic Scientific Press

Hypertension

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Hypertension is the clinical condition of sustained high blood pressure. Untreated, hypertension promotes atherosclerotic peripheral arterial vascular disease, carotid and coronary artery disease. Directly, it causes hypertensive left ventricular hypertrophy and heart failure; renal failure and retinal damage. It is the most important risk factor for hemorrhagic stroke and causes hypertensive encephalopathy. The detection and treatment of hypertension is the single most important and cost effective intervention in cardiovascular medicine worldwide, according to the World Health Organization. While detection of hypertension is straightforward, and effective drugs are both inexpensive and readily available, hypertension remains one of the most important chronic conditions seen by all physicians

Chapter.  6840 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Cardiovascular Medicine

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