Chapter

Stroke and Cardiovascular Disease

Edited by Joseph G. Murphy and Margaret A. Lloyd

in Mayo Clinic Cardiology

Fourth edition

Published on behalf of © Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research

Published in print November 2012 | ISBN: 9780199915712
Published online May 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780199322824 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199915712.003.1204

Series: Mayo Clinic Scientific Press

Stroke and Cardiovascular Disease

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A stroke is an abrupt loss of cerebral function due to an acute disruption in the blood supply to the brain. Strokes can be broadly classified into five major types: hemorrhagic (about 20% of all strokes), divided anatomically into intracerebral (10%) or subarachnoid hemorrhage (10%); ischemic strokes (80%) divided etiologically into thrombotic stroke, embolic stroke, or stroke due to systemic hypoperfusion. Stroke is the third leading cause of death in western countries and is the reported causes 1 in every 18 deaths annually in United States. Hypertension is the single most important, modifiable risk factor for stroke. Treatment of hypertension to goal BP is the most cost effective strategy for the preventing of both ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke.

Chapter.  2827 words. 

Subjects: Cardiovascular Medicine

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