Chapter

HIV Infection and the Heart

Zelalem Temesgen

Edited by Joseph G. Murphy

in Mayo Clinic Cardiology

Fourth edition

Published on behalf of © Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research

Published in print November 2012 | ISBN: 9780199915712
Published online May 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780199322824 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199915712.003.1605

Series: Mayo Clinic Scientific Press

HIV Infection and the Heart

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Cardiac involvement in HIV infection is common, typically presenting clinically as pericardial diseases. HIV cardiomyopathy may present as clinical heart failure, be clinically silent but evidenced as an asymptomatic fall in left ventricular ejection fraction on echocardiography, or be detected only at autopsy as focal myocarditis. Clinical detection of HIV-associated cardiac disease significantly underestimates the true incidence at abnormalities detected by cardiac imaging studies or at autopsy.

Chapter.  2578 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Cardiovascular Medicine

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