Cardiovascular Trauma

R. Scott Wright

Edited by Joseph G. Murphy

in Mayo Clinic Cardiology

Fourth edition

Published on behalf of © Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research

Published in print November 2012 | ISBN: 9780199915712
Published online May 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780199322824 | DOI:

Series: Mayo Clinic Scientific Press

Cardiovascular Trauma

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Cardiovascular trauma is a significant cause of death, particularly among young men in our society. Cardiovascular trauma is classified into penetrating injuries; blunt, nonpenetrating trauma; and medical injuries to the heart sustained during an invasive cardiovascular procedure, medical device implantation, or cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Penetrating cardiac injury is due primarily to knife or gunshot injuries, whereas blunt cardiac injury is usually due to automobile or motorcycle accidents or industrial incidents. Iatrogenic cardiac trauma also may occur from cardiopulmonary resuscitation, endomyocardial biopsy, or the use of intravascular catheters, including Swan-Ganz catheters. This chapter reviews the different types of cardiovascular trauma and their diagnosis and treatment.

Chapter.  2168 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Cardiovascular Medicine

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