Acute Brain Injury and the Heart

Nandan S. Anavekar, Sarinya Puwanant and Krishnaswamy Chandrasekaran

in Mayo Clinic Cardiology

Fourth edition

Published on behalf of © Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research

Published in print November 2012 | ISBN: 9780199915712
Published online May 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780199322824 | DOI:

Series: Mayo Clinic Scientific Press

Acute Brain Injury and the Heart

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Nervous system and cardiovascular system functions are closely intertwined: Cerebral perfusion is dependent on cardiac performance, and much of cardiac function is regulated by higher brain centers. Dysfunction in either organ system can precipitate dysfunction in the other. Acute brain injury may result from vascular injury, trauma, or inflammation. Cardiac sequelae may manifest as fluctuations in blood pressure and hemodynamics, electrocardiographic changes, arrhythmias, and elevations in levels of cardiac biomarkers. The relation between the nervous and cardiovascular systems in the setting of acute brain injury is subject of this chapter.

Chapter.  2478 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Cardiovascular Medicine

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