Leslie T. Cooper and Lori A. Blauwet

in Mayo Clinic Cardiology

Fourth edition

Published on behalf of © Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research

Published in print November 2012 | ISBN: 9780199915712
Published online May 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780199322824 | DOI:

Series: Mayo Clinic Scientific Press


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Myocarditis is defined histologically as inflammation of the myocardium associated with injury to cardiac myocytes. Common viral infections are the most frequent cause of myocarditis, but other pathogens, hypersensitivity reactions, and systemic and autoimmune diseases should be considered and excluded during the initial evaluation. Patients with myocarditis present with a range of symptoms varying from mild dyspnea and fatigue to cardiogenic shock or even sudden death. The diagnosis of probable myocarditis can usually be made from clinical findings and noninvasive imaging, but endomyocardial biopsy may be considered in certain cases.

Chapter.  6174 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Cardiovascular Medicine

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