Diagnostic Cardiac Angiography

André C. Lapeyre III

in Mayo Clinic Cardiology

Fourth edition

Published on behalf of © Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research

Published in print November 2012 | ISBN: 9780199915712
Published online May 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780199322824 | DOI:

Series: Mayo Clinic Scientific Press

Diagnostic Cardiac Angiography

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This chapter focuses on the basics of cardiac angiography, especially those aspects most pertinent to cardiology board examinations. It is important to remember that angiograms are 2-dimensional projections of 3-dimensional structures. Therefore, structures need to be visualized with at least 2 orthogonal views to avoid missing important information because of overlapping structures, eccentric or ribbonlike lesions, foreshortening, curvature, or fracture. Additionally, the heart, coronary arteries, and descending aorta lie obliquely in the chest with much variability among patients. The “best” view or angle to see any given structure must be determined for each patient. Therefore, generalizations about the best view are always approximations and not absolutes.

Chapter.  7499 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Cardiovascular Medicine

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