Chapter

Infection in the Intravenous Drug User

Caren Euster

in Infectious Diseases Emergencies

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

Published in print September 2016 | ISBN: 9780199976805
Published online November 2016 | e-ISBN: 9780199390779 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199976805.003.0058

Series: Emergencies

Infection in the Intravenous Drug User

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Injection drug abuse has spread worldwide and is increasing among young adults and adolescents. This chapter focuses on the management of acute infectious consequences of injection drug use (IDU), including skin and soft tissue infections, endocarditis, and systemic infections. The approach to infection is determined based upon etiology: local (injection site) infections, infections distant to the injection site, systemic infections, complications of primary infections, modifying factors, and infections associated with the patient with IDU’s lifestyle. Infections in patients with a history of injection drug use can affect multiple systems. The most commonly affected systems include the skin (eg, abscess), heart (eg, endocarditis), lung (eg, pneumonia), kidney, and brain (eg, septic emboli secondary to endocarditis).

Chapter.  2743 words. 

Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Emergency Medicine

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