Journal Article

The mass distribution of Population III stars

M. Fraser, A. R. Casey, G. Gilmore, A. Heger and C. Chan

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 468, issue 1, pages 418-425
ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online February 2017 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stx480
The mass distribution of Population III stars

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Abstract

Extremely metal-poor (EMP) stars are uniquely informative on the nature of massive Population III stars. Modulo a few elements that vary with stellar evolution, the present-day photospheric abundances observed in EMP stars are representative of their natal gas cloud composition. For this reason, the chemistry of EMP stars closely reflects the nucleosynthetic yields of supernovae from massive Population III stars. Here we collate detailed abundances of 53 EMP stars from the literature and infer the masses of their Population III progenitors. We fit a simple initial mass function (IMF) to a subset of 29 of the inferred Population III star masses, and find that the mass distribution is well represented by a power-law IMF with exponent [math]. The inferred maximum progenitor mass for supernovae from massive Population III stars is [math] M, and we find no evidence in our sample for a contribution from stars with masses above ∼120 M. The minimum mass is strongly consistent with the theoretical lower mass limit for Population III supernovae. We conclude that the IMF for massive Population III stars is consistent with the IMF of present-day massive stars and there may well have formed stars much below the supernova mass limit that could have survived to the present day.

Keywords: stars: abundances; stars: formation; stars: Population III; supernovae: general

Journal Article.  4971 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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