Journal Article

Radiolysis of N<sub>2</sub>O:CO<sub>2</sub> ice by heavy ions: simulation of cosmic ray effects

R C Pereira, A L F de Barros, D Fulvio, P Boduch, H Rothard and E F da Silveira

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Published on behalf of Royal Astronomical Society

Volume 478, issue 4, pages 4939-4951
ISSN: 0035-8711
Published online June 2018 | e-ISSN: 1365-2966 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/mnras/sty1519
Radiolysis of N2O:CO2 ice by heavy ions: simulation of cosmic ray effects

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ABSTRACT

N-O-bearing molecules are considered to be important primary molecules of complex and prebiotic species in space, and therefore an understanding of the N-O chemistry is a fundamental step in linking the origin and evolution of prebiotic species to the evolution of interstellar and Solar System ices. With this in mind, we have started an extensive program of laboratory work to study and understand the effects of cosmic radiation on N-O-bearing molecules in space. Carbon dioxide (CO2) and nitrous oxide (N2O) are volatile molecules found in the Solar System and in the interstellar medium. Thus it is expected that both molecular species may freeze-out on dust grains and the surface of Solar System bodies and be exposed to cosmic radiation. The objective of the present work is to obtain an experimental analysis of the ion irradiation effects in an N2O:CO2 (1:2) ice mixture, at 11 K, when the mixture is irradiated by 90-MeV 136Xe23 +. Fourier-transformed infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) was the method of analysis used for this purpose. Eight product molecular species have been observed: CO, CO3, NO, NO3, N2O2, N2O3, N2O4 and O3; C−N compounds were not observed. The chemical evolution of the new molecules formed in the sample was followed by estimating the column densities of the primary molecule and products as a function of the beam fluence. This procedure allows the determination of their formation and dissociation cross-sections. The destruction cross-section of N2O is approximately twice that of CO2, which results in relatively large quantities of N, O, N2 and NO molecules in the ice.

Keywords: astrochemistry; molecular data; methods: laboratory: molecular; interplanetary medium; Cosmic rays; ISM: molecules

Journal Article.  8174 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics

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