Journal Article

Human sperm non-nuclear progesterone receptor expression is a novel marker for fertilization outcome.

A Jacob, I Hurley, F S Mandel, A Hershlag, G W Cooper and S Benoff

in MHR: Basic science of reproductive medicine

Published on behalf of European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology

Volume 4, issue 6, pages 533-542
Published in print June 1998 | ISSN: 1360-9947
Published online June 1998 | e-ISSN: 1460-2407 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/molehr/4.6.533
Human sperm non-nuclear progesterone receptor expression is a novel marker for fertilization outcome.

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In a prospective, blind study, we have examined the relationship among the expression of human sperm surface progesterone receptors, the ability to undergo a mannose-stimulated acrosome reaction and the rate of fertilization in vitro. Individual aliquots of motile spermatozoa were surface-labelled with progesterone and/or mannose-fluoresceinated ligands. Spontaneous acrosome loss and the increase in acrosome reactions following exposure of spermatozoa to mannose ligands were assessed using rhodaminated Pisum sativum agglutinin. Progesterone fluoresceinated ligand binding was observed to occur in two patterns: (i) a uniform distribution of labelling over the acrosome cap (pattern II), and (ii) labelling limited to the equatorial and postacrosomal regions of the human sperm head (pattern III). A conversion of pattern II to pattern III binding was observed and was associated with the acrosome reaction. Pattern III binding was highly correlated with both fertilization potential and the ability to undergo a mannose-stimulated acrosome reaction (P < 0.001). In contrast, normal sperm mannose receptor expression was seen in five men whose abnormal progesterone receptor expression/function and inability to acrosome react after mannose treatment were correlated with their reduced fertility in vitro. In conclusion, surface progesterone receptor aggregation enhances the mannose ligand-stimulated acrosome reaction. Such detection of defective sperm surface progesterone receptor expression/function may be useful in the evaluation and management of male infertility.

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Reproductive Medicine

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