Journal Article

Tolerance of haemodialysis: a randomized cross-over trial of 5-h <i>versus</i> 4-h treatment time

P. Brunet, Y. Saingra, F. Leonetti, H. Vacher-Coponat, P. Ramananarivo and Y. Berland

in Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation

Published on behalf of European Renal Association - European Dialysis and Transplant Assoc

Volume 11, issue supp8, pages 46-51
Published in print January 1996 | ISSN: 0931-0509
e-ISSN: 1460-2385 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ndt/11.supp8.46
Tolerance of haemodialysis: a randomized cross-over trial of 5-h versus 4-h treatment time

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Background

Many factors can impair haemodialysis (HD) tolerance. Some such as age and diabetes mellitus are linked to the patient. Others, such as dialysate, machine, and membrane are linked to the treatment characteristics. The duration of the HD sessions may represent another factor in tolerance since it influences the rate of ultrafiltration. However, its influence has not been studied independently of the type of membrane or dialysate buffer.

Methods

In a randomized crossover study, the incidence of intradialytic symptoms was compared during 4-h and 5-h HD sessions in 38 patients. The study period was 2 weeks for each dialysis time. The influence of age and diabetes was also analysed. Sessions requiring more than 4 litres of ultrafiltration were excluded.

Results

During the 5-h period, the incidence of headache, nausea, chills, back pain and pruritus was significantly greater. On the contrary, the incidence of hypotension and postdialytic orthostatic hypotension was significantly less. We also demonstrated that ultrafiltration rate and orthostatic hypotension were correlated, and that age over 65 years and diabetes influenced HD tolerance. The incidence of hypotension was significantly less in patients over 65 receiving 5-h HD treatment.

Conclusions

Although some symptoms were more frequent during the 5-h HD sessions, the incidence of hypotension and postdialytic orthostatic hypotension was significantly less. This resulted in an improvement in acute haemodynamic HD tolerance, which could also influence long-tenn morbidity and mortality, especially in patients over 65 years.

Keywords: adverse effects; chronic haemodialysis patients; crossover study; duration of haemodialysis sessions; hypotension; tolerance of haemodialysis

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Nephrology

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