Journal Article

Erythropoietin and oxidative stress in haemodialysis: beneficial effects of vitamin E supplementation.

J P Cristol, J Y Bosc, S Badiou, M Leblanc, R Lorrho, B Descomps and B Canaud

in Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation

Volume 12, issue 11, pages 2312-2317
Published in print November 1997 | ISSN: 0931-0509
Published online November 1997 | e-ISSN: 1460-2385 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ndt/12.11.2312
Erythropoietin and oxidative stress in haemodialysis: beneficial effects of vitamin E supplementation.

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Oxidative stress can produce profound alterations to cellular membrane lipids, impairing cell metabolism and viability. This phenomenon, previously observed in haemodialysis patients, has been proposed as a significant factor in regard to haemodialysis-related shortened red blood cells (RBC) survival. In the present study, several parameters associated with oxidative stress were evaluated in a group of haemodialysis patients either receiving erythropoietin therapy (n = 12, mean erythropoietin dose 88 +/- 24 U/kg/week) or not receiving such therapy (n = 30), and in 38 controls. Malonyldialdehyde (MDA, nmol/ml), an end-product of lipid peroxidation, and RBC antioxidant systems were measured, including RBC alpha-tocopherol (RBC vitamin E, mg/l), RBC glutathione (GSH, nmol/mgHb), and RBC superoxide dismutase activity (SOD, U/mgHb). Plasma vitamin E concentrations were also evaluated. Finally, oral vitamin E supplementation (500 mg daily), an exogenous antioxidant, was administered for 6 months to seven patients from the dialysis group receiving erythropoietin while oxidative parameters were repeatedly evaluated and erythropoietin requirements monitored, in order to appreciate the therapeutic relevance of an antioxidant supplementation. An elevation of serum MDA was observed in all haemodialysis patients and a significant decrease in RBC vitamin E, despite normal serum vitamin E levels. Furthermore, the reduction in RBC vitamin E was more important in patients treated with erythropoietin. Vitamin E supplementation resulted in a significant increase in RBC vitamin E (from 0.3 +/- 0.1 to 1.2 +/- 0.2 mg/l of pellet) and a reduction in erythropoietin dose (from 93 +/- 24 to 74 +/- 26 U/kg/week) while maintaining stable haemoglobin concentrations. These results suggest that the oxidative stress could be one of the resistance factors to erythropoietin response in haemodialysis and that vitamin E supplementation could have a sparing effect on erythropoietin dosage requirement.

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Nephrology

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