Journal Article

Intrinsic renal cells are the major source of interleukin-1 beta synthesis in normal and diseased rat kidney.

G H Tesch, N Yang, H Yu, H Y Lan, R Foti, S J Chadban, R C Atkins and D J Nikolic-Paterson

in Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation

Volume 12, issue 6, pages 1109-1115
Published in print June 1997 | ISSN: 0931-0509
Published online June 1997 | e-ISSN: 1460-2385 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ndt/12.6.1109
Intrinsic renal cells are the major source of interleukin-1 beta synthesis in normal and diseased rat kidney.

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BACKGROUND: A number of studies have demonstrated a pathological role for interleukin-1 (IL-1) in experimental models of glomerulonephritis, but the cellular pattern of renal IL-1 production remains poorly characterized. The aim of this study, therefore, was to identify the cell types expressing IL-1 in normal and diseased rat kidney. METHODS: Renal IL-1 beta expression was examined in normal rats and during a 21-day time course of rat accelerated anti-GBM glomerulonephritis by northern blotting, in situ hybridization and double immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: Interleukin-1 beta mRNA expression was readily detectable in normal rat kidney by northern blot analysis and in situ hybridization. Immunohistochemistry staining demonstrated constitutive IL-1 beta expression by glomerular endothelial cells and cortical tubular epithelial cells. There was a marked increase in whole kidney IL-1 beta mRNA in rat anti-GBM glomerulonephritis. Glomerular IL-1 beta immunostaining was upregulated, being expressed by podocytes, mesangial cells and infiltrating macrophages, and was particularly prominent within glomerular crescents. Double staining with the ED1 antibody showed IL-1 beta expression in up to 13% of glomerular macrophages, whereas 48% of macrophages within crescents stained for IL-1 beta. However, the most marked increase in IL-1 beta expression was seen in cortical tubular epithelial cells, particularly in areas of tubular damage. In situ hybridization confirmed that tubular IL-1 beta staining was due to local cytokine synthesis rather than protein absorption. CONCLUSIONS: This study has identified constitutive IL-1 beta expression by glomerular endothelium and tubular epithelial cells in normal rat kidney. In addition, the marked upregulation of IL-1 beta expression by intrinsic glomerular cells and tubules in rat anti-GBM disease suggests an important role for these cells in IL-1 dependent crescent formation and tubulointerstitial injury.

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Nephrology

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