Journal Article

Uptake and metabolism of lipoproteins from patients with diabetes mellitus type II by glomerular epithelial cells.

A Krämer-Guth, T Quaschning, H Pavenstädt, J Galle, M Nauck, M W Baumstark, P Schollmeyer, W März and C Wanner

in Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation

Volume 12, issue 7, pages 1336-1343
Published in print July 1997 | ISSN: 0931-0509
Published online July 1997 | e-ISSN: 1460-2385 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ndt/12.7.1336
Uptake and metabolism of lipoproteins from patients with diabetes mellitus type II by glomerular epithelial cells.

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BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggest that dyslipidaemia accelerates the progression of diabetic nephropathy, but the various pathomechanisms underlying such abnormalities are not completely delineated. METHODS: We isolated, radiolabelled, and characterized very-low-density lipoproteins (VLDL) and low-density lipoproteins (LDL) from eight diabetic patients with moderate impairment of renal function and dyslipidaemia and studied their interaction with LDL receptors in human glomerular epithelial cells. RESULTS: While diabetic VLDL showed no compositional changes, LDL particles contained a higher proportion of triglycerides at the expense of cholesterol in comparison with healthy controls. Despite differences in composition, both VLDL and LDL from patients exhibited reduced receptor affinity and cellular uptake capacity by glomerular epithelial cells. Since LDL composition was altered intracellular cholesterol homeostasis was investigated. Due to reduced cholesterol content and lower uptake capacity, diabetic LDL were less effective in suppressing intracellular sterol synthesis and in activating acylcholesterol acyltransferase than LDL from controls. Electrophoretic mobility of apoB from diabetic patients was enhanced as compared to controls, most probably due to the higher degree of glycation (17 + 1.7 versus 11 + 1%, P < 0.05) but not to oxidation (TBARS 0.5 + 0.2 versus 0.2 + 0.1 mumol/1). Oxidized LDL was not taken up in significant amounts, indicating no scavenger receptor activity in glomerular epithelial cells. CONCLUSION: The receptor-specific uptake of diabetic VLDL and LDL by glomerular epithelial cells is impaired. Compositional changes of the LDL particle and glycation of the protein moiety may contribute to altered glomerular uptake. However, glycation of the protein moiety may be superior to compositional changes. Because glomerular structures like mesangial matrix and endothelial cells are known for preferential binding of modified lipoproteins, further studies are required to elucidate their potential role in the progression of diabetic glomerulosclerosis.

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Nephrology

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