Journal Article

Parathyroid hormone gene expression in Hyp mice fed a low-phosphate diet.

K H Marks, R Kilav, E Berman, T Naveh-Many and J Silver

in Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation

Volume 12, issue 8, pages 1581-1585
Published in print August 1997 | ISSN: 0931-0509
Published online August 1997 | e-ISSN: 1460-2385 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ndt/12.8.1581
Parathyroid hormone gene expression in Hyp mice fed a low-phosphate diet.

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BACKGROUND: The murine analogue of X-linked hypophosphataemia is the Hyp mouse; it has chronic phosphate depletion from an inherited defect of renal tubular reabsorption. Phosphate directly regulates the parathyroid (PT) in normal rats and it is of interest whether this regulation is intact in Hyp mice. METHODS: Hyp mice were fed either a low-phosphate diet or control diet and PTH mRNA levels were measured. In addition changes in NMR-visible kidney and muscle intracellular phosphate potentials in normal and Hyp mice were determined. Mice were maintained on a low-phosphate (0.02%) or normal-phosphate (0.6%) diet for 24 and 72 h. RESULTS: On the normal diet, Hyp mice had hypophosphataemia, normocalcaemia, and normal PTH mRNA levels. Phosphate deprivation for 72 h led to a profound fall in plasma phosphate, a slight but significant rise in plasma calcium, and a dramatic decrease in PTH mRNA, similar to that of normal mice fed this diet. Changes in kidney and muscle intracellular phosphate measured by NMR spectroscopy were not affected by diet or genotype. CONCLUSION: Dietary phosphate deprivation decreased Hyp mice PTH mRNA levels and caused no change in intracellular phosphate potentials. Therefore Hyp mice parathyroids' adapt appropriately to phosphate deprivation albeit at a lower threshold compared to normal mice.

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Subjects: Nephrology

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