Journal Article

Cationic dextran induces mesangioproliferative nephritis in rats independent of glomerular IgA deposition.

M Burg, H J Gröne, K M Koch and J Floege

in Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation

Volume 12, issue 9, pages 1856-1862
Published in print January 1997 | ISSN: 0931-0509
Published online January 1997 | e-ISSN: 1460-2385 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ndt/12.9.1856
Cationic dextran induces mesangioproliferative nephritis in rats independent of glomerular IgA deposition.

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BACKGROUND: Dextran-induced mesangioproliferative glomerulonephritis in mice and, as recently reported, in rats is used as a model of IgA nephropathy. The pathogenetic role of the glomerular IgA deposits in this model, however, is unclear since IgG is often deposited in parallel. METHODS: Lewis rats were immunized with cationic DEAE-dextran. Following this, rats received 5 x/week i.v. injections of 3 mg DEAE-dextran each, from days 20 to 80 and were then followed until day 120. RESULTS: Rats developed transient proteinuria (range 63-152 mg/24 h) and haematuria on day 80. Renal biopsies obtained at days 60, 80, 100 and 120 showed mild to severe mesangioproliferative changes at days 80 and 100 which did not persist at day 120. Electron-microscopy revealed mesangial immune deposits, signs of endothelial activation and vacuoles in mesangial cells and podocytes. Compared to normal, age-matched controls, in the nephritic rats significant (P < 0.05) increases were noted for glomerular total cellularity, alpha-smooth-muscle actin expression (a marker of activated mesangial cells), monocyte/macrophage counts, and matrix proteins. Using three different antibodies, no evidence of glomerular IgA deposition was detected at any time point. In contrast, glomerular IgG, IgM, C3, and occasional small C5b-9 deposits were present in nephritic rats. Circulating IgG but not IgA anti-dextran antibodies could be demonstrated in nephritic rats. CONCLUSIONS: The data confirm that mesangioproliferative glomerulonephritis can be induced in rats by immunization and chronic challenge with cationic dextran. Our data also show that in rats glomerular IgG deposition rather than IgA, appears to play an important pathogenetic role in this mesangioproliferative glomerulonephritis model.

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Nephrology

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