Journal Article

The influence of familial factors on the progression of IgA nephropathy.

C C Geddes, G L Warwick, I Tulloch and J M Boulton-Jones

in Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation

Volume 12, issue 9, pages 1963-1967
Published in print January 1997 | ISSN: 0931-0509
Published online January 1997 | e-ISSN: 1460-2385 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ndt/12.9.1963
The influence of familial factors on the progression of IgA nephropathy.

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BACKGROUND: Vascular risk factors in first degree relatives of patients with insulin dependent diabetes mellitus are known to increase the risk of that patient developing diabetic nephropathy. We explored the influence of vascular risk factors in first degree relatives on patients with stable (serum creatinine < 150 mumol/l for > 5 years) and progressive (serum creatinine > 200 mumol/l, and > 150% serum creatinine at presentation, after minimum follow-up at 2 years) IgA nephropathy (IgAN). METHODS: We compared sodium-lithium countertransport activity (SLC Vmax), plasma lipoprotein(a) and von Willebrand factor (vWf) concentrations, incidence of vascular disease, and incidence of hypertension in 37 first degree relatives of 23 patients with stable IgAN and 33 first degree relatives of 17 patients with progressive IgAN. The two groups of relatives were comparable with respect to other risk factors: age, smoking, blood pressure, and plasma glucose, creatinine, cholesterol and triglyceride concentrations. RESULTS: SLC Vmax was higher in relatives of stable patients (mean 0.37 mmol/h/l RBC [S.D. 0.18] vs 0.30 [S.D. 0.09]; P = 0.034 two-sample t-test). There was no difference between the relatives of stable and progressive patients in plasma lipoprotein(a) concentration (median 11.5 mg/l vs 13.0: P = 0.45; 95% C.I. -12 to 3; Mann-Whitney test), plasma vWf concentration (149.4 IU/dl [S.D. 55.6] vs. 163.2 IU/dl [S.D. 57.3]; P = 0.31 two-sample t-test), or incidence of hypertension (13/37 [35.1%] vs 10/33 [30.3%]; chi 2 = 0.185; P = 0.667). Relatives of patients with progressive IgAN had a slightly higher incidence of vascular disease (10/33 [30.3%] vs 8/37 [21.6%]; chi 2 = 0.688; P = 0.407). CONCLUSIONS: Familial vascular risk may increase the likelihood of progressive renal failure in patients with IgAN but the influence is likely to be small and unrelated to the factors we measured. SLC Vmax was significantly higher in relatives of patients with stable disease which contrasts with data from other studies and is unexplained.

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Subjects: Nephrology

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