Journal Article

Sequence analysis of the 'Goodpasture antigen' of mammals.

J J Ryan, I Katbamna, P J Mason, C D Pusey and A N Turner

in Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation

Volume 13, issue 3, pages 602-607
Published in print March 1998 | ISSN: 0931-0509
Published online March 1998 | e-ISSN: 1460-2385 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ndt/13.3.602
Sequence analysis of the 'Goodpasture antigen' of mammals.

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BACKGROUND: Autoimmunity to the NC1 domain of the alpha3 chain of type IV collagen (alpha3(IV)NC1), the Goodpasture antigen, is the cause of spontaneous human antiglomerular basement membrane (anti-GBM) disease, and of anti-GBM nephritis in several animal models. METHODS: We have derived amino acid sequences from alpha3(IV)NC1 for a number of mammalian species (monkey, sheep, pig, dog, rabbit, and rat) by RT-PCR and cDNA cloning. The GBM of some species was studied comparatively for binding to Goodpasture autoantibodies. RESULTS: From this work and other data the sequences of nine mammalian species can be aligned. Regions and residues that may be functionally important are identified. Alpha3(IV)NC1 sequences were found to be less closely conserved across species than alpha1 and alpha2(IV)NC1, 91 to 99% in comparison to a minimum of 97% for alpha1, but these differences were unevenly distributed along the molecule. There was a particularly striking homology between rodent and human sequences in the carboxyl-terminal region. Binding of Goodpasture autoantibodies to rat alpha3(IV)NC1 was poor in comparison with other species. CONCLUSIONS: Comparison of sequences and binding casts doubt on the importance of the carboxyl-terminal region for antibody binding, a region identified as a potential major epitope in previous studies. Sequence comparisons suggest possible reasons for the nephritogenicity of alpha3(IV)NC1 in active models of anti-GBM disease.

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Subjects: Nephrology

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