Journal Article

Advantage of antithymocyte globulin induction in sensitized kidney recipients: a randomized prospective study comparing induction with and without antithymocyte globulin.

D Thibaudin, E Alamartine, J P de Filippis, N Diab, B Laurent and F Berthoux

in Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation

Volume 13, issue 3, pages 711-715
Published in print March 1998 | ISSN: 0931-0509
Published online March 1998 | e-ISSN: 1460-2385 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ndt/13.3.711
Advantage of antithymocyte globulin induction in sensitized kidney recipients: a randomized prospective study comparing induction with and without antithymocyte globulin.

Show Summary Details

Preview

BACKGROUND: Sensitized kidney allograft recipients require special management to improve their outcome. One strategy is heavy immunosuppression with antilymphocyte antibodies. Controversy continues about the actual advantage of induction protocols whilst infections and cancers are a constant risk. In addition, little is known about how to handle sensitized patients with low levels of sensitization. METHODS: In this study, we randomized sensitized renal transplant recipients, who received prophylactic treatment with or without antithymocyte globulin (ATG), in addition to a standard triple regimen consisting of cyclosporin, steroids and azathioprine at ATG discontinuation. The induction treatment consisted of a low-dose ATG course over 10 days. Randomization was stratified on the maximum PRA, according to the five following classes: 5% < PRA < or = 20%, 20% < PRA < or = 40%, 40% < PRA < or = 60%, 60% < PRA < or = 80% and 80% < PRA < or = 100%. RESULTS: Eighty nine patients were enrolled: 47 patients received ATG and 42 did not. ATG induction lowered the incidence of biopsy-proven acute rejection episodes from 64 to 38%, increased 1 year graft survival from 76 to 89% and was associated with a higher 1 year inulin clearance (37+/-15 vs 49+/-18 ml/min). ATG-associated side effects were restricted to leucopenia and thrombocytopenia, whereas bacterial and viral infections, gammopathies and cancers did not occur more frequently. ATG induction benefited all sensitized patients, and not only the hypersensitized patients. CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that ATG induction is beneficial for all sensitized patients, regardless of their level of sensitization, with regard to acute rejection episodes, graft survival and graft function. Low-dose ATG is sufficient and prevents additional complications.

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Nephrology

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.