Journal Article

Tissue-type plasminogen activator activity in HIV-associated HUS.

M N Peraldi, C Maslo, J Berrou, E Rondeau, W Rozenbaum and J D Sraer

in Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation

Volume 13, issue 4, pages 919-923
Published in print April 1998 | ISSN: 0931-0509
Published online April 1998 | e-ISSN: 1460-2385 | DOI:
Tissue-type plasminogen activator activity in HIV-associated HUS.

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BACKGROUND: In children, haemolytic uraemic syndrome (HUS) is associated with high plasma plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 (PAI-1), which may contribute to the persistence of renal glomerular and arteriolar thrombi. HUS has been described in HIV-infected patients, but the pathophysiology of HUS in these patients is poorly understood. The aim of the study was to investigate plasma fibrinolytic activity in 18 patients with HIV-associated HUS. METHODS: We measured tissue type plasminogen activator (t-PA) and PAI-1 activities in the plasma of 18 HIV-infected patients with biopsy-proven HUS (HIV+/HUS+) and 48 HIV-infected patients without HUS (HIV+/HUS-). RESULTS: Patients with HUS had a significantly higher serum creatinine, a lower platelet count and an increased incidence of cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection (72% of patients HIV+/HUS+, vs 25% of patients HIV+/HUS-). Unexpectedly, plasma PAI-1 activity was similar in both groups. However, t-PA activity was significantly higher in HUS cases (11.5 vs 4.5 U/ml, P=0.001). Patients with CMV infection, with or without HUS, had significantly increased t-PA level (P=0.01). Multivariate analysis identified high t-PA (RR=9.21) and CMV infection (RR=3.36) as risk factors for HUS. CONCLUSION: This study provides evidence that HIV-infected patients with HUS have high plasma t-PA activity. PAI-1 plasma activity is not significantly increased, as opposed to non-HIV-associated HUS. Thus, in the setting of HIV infection, HUS cannot be attributed to decreased fibrinolytic activity.

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Nephrology

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