Journal Article

Nutritional assessment of children on haemodialysis: value of IGF-I, TNF-alpha and IL-1beta.

N Beşbaş, S Ozdemir, U Saatçi, T Coşkun, S Ozen, R Topaloğlu, A Bakkaloğlu and A M El Nahas

in Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation

Volume 13, issue 6, pages 1484-1488
Published in print June 1998 | ISSN: 0931-0509
Published online June 1998 | e-ISSN: 1460-2385 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ndt/13.6.1484
Nutritional assessment of children on haemodialysis: value of IGF-I, TNF-alpha and IL-1beta.

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BACKGROUND: Protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) is associated with increased morbidity and mortality in haemodialysis (HD) patients. Insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) has proved to be a sensitive marker of malnutrition, while interleukin-1 (IL-1beta) and tumour necrosis factor (TNF) have been found to be raised in catabolic states. METHODS: We have investigated the nutritional status of 17 chronic renal failure (CRF) paediatric patients (8 boys, 9 girls) on maintenance HD. Eight predialysis CRF children (5 boys and 3 girls; mean creatinine 5.1+/-3.2 mg/dl) and 10 healthy children served as control groups. PEM was defined according to anthropometric measurements (triceps skinfold thickness (TST), mid-arm circumference (MAC), and mid-arm muscle circumference (MAMC)). These were correlated with serum IGF-I, IL-1, TNF-alpha, transferrin, and albumin (all sampled before the HD session). RESULTS: In the HD group, TST was reduced in 41.2% of the patients, whereas MAC and MAMC were reduced in 82.4 and 76.5% respectively. TST was depleted in only one of the predialysis CRF children. The degree of reduction in MAC and MAMC were 62.5 and 62.5% respectively. Median serum IGF-I level was decreased in both HD and predialysis CRF patients (205.1 interquartile range (IQR) 194.4 microg/l and 258.8 IQR 155.0 microg/l respectively) compared to the healthy children (418.0 IQR 310.5 microg/l) (P=0.0009 and P=0.01 respectively). Within the HD group, IGF-I levels were lower in patients with malnutrition defined according to TST (145.0 IQR 125.5 microg/l) compared to children with normal TST (301.2 IQR 218.8 microg/l) (P=0.05). IGF-I levels of the HD patients with malnutrition according to TST was also lower than the predialysis CRF patients and healthy children (P=0.04 and P=0.002 respectively). Serum IL-1beta was undetectable in all groups. Median serum TNF-alpha levels were higher in HD and predialysis CRF patients compared to healthy children, albeit statistically insignificant. There was no correlation between TNF-alpha, transferrin or albumin and anthropometric parameters. CONCLUSIONS: Our results support the high prevalence of malnutrition in CRF children, which becomes more pronounced when treatment by HD is initiated. We suggest that determination of IGF-I levels in childhood HD patients in conjunction with anthropometric measurements is useful for identification of malnutrition. We have not been able to demonstrate the catabolic effects of cytokines on this state of protein energy malnutrition.

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Subjects: Nephrology

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