Journal Article

Renal transplantation following renal failure due to urological disorders.

A Crowe, H S Cairns, S Wood, C J Rudge, C R Woodhouse and G H Neild

in Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation

Volume 13, issue 8, pages 2065-2069
Published in print August 1998 | ISSN: 0931-0509
Published online August 1998 | e-ISSN: 1460-2385 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ndt/13.8.2065
Renal transplantation following renal failure due to urological disorders.

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BACKGROUND: Renal allograft outcome, during an 8 year period (1985-1992), has been assessed in 56 renal transplants performed in 55 patients who had end-stage renal failure as a consequence of urological abnormalities. The abnormalities were: primary vesicoureteric reflux (VUR) or renal dysplasia (26 patients); posterior urethral valves (PUV) (15); neuropathic bladders (6); vesico-ureteric tuberculosis (5); bladder exstrophy (3); and prune belly syndrome (1). Six patients had augmented bladders, and eight transplants were performed in seven patients with urinary diversions. RESULTS: Overall, 1 and 5 year actuarial graft survival was 89 and 66%, with mean creatinine of 154 micromol/l +/- 11 (SE) and 145 +/- 9 respectively. Patients with abnormal bladders or conduits (n = 28) had worse graft function than those with normal bladders (n = 28) although graft survival was not significantly different in the two groups at 1 and 5 years: 93 and 75% with normal bladders vs 86 and 57% with abnormal systems. Symptomatic urinary tract infections were common in the first 3 months after transplantation (63%); fever and systemic symptoms occurred in 39% with normal bladders and 59% with abnormal bladders. Urinary tract infection directly contributed to graft loss in six patients with abnormal bladders, but had no consequences in those with normal bladders. CONCLUSIONS: Abnormal bladders must be assessed urodynamically before transplantation, and after transplantation adequacy of urinary drainage must be re-assessed frequently. Prophylactic antibiotics are now given for the first 6 months and urinary tract infections must be treated promptly. With these measures, good results, similar to those of patients without urological problems, can be obtained.

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Nephrology

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