Journal Article

Plasma or whole blood concentrations of trace elements in patients treated by haemodiafiltration with on-line prepared substitution fluid.

G Bonforte, M Surian, B Dozio, R Scanziani, A Baj, S Colombo and F Toffoletto

in Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation

Volume 13, issue suppl_5, pages 29-33
Published in print January 1998 | ISSN: 0931-0509
Published online January 1998 | e-ISSN: 1460-2385 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ndt/13.suppl_5.29
Plasma or whole blood concentrations of trace elements in patients treated by haemodiafiltration with on-line prepared substitution fluid.

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Large membrane pores and large quantities of reinfusion fluids can influence the dialytic balance of trace elements in haemodiafiltration (HDF). As there are no studies in HDF with on-line produced reinfusate, we studied plasma or whole blood (*) concentrations of trace elements (Al, Cd*, Cr* and Se: microg/l; Cu, Pb* and Zn*: microg/dl) of 24 on-line HDF, 20 haemodialysis (HD) patients and 66 490 normal subjects (N). The concentrations of Al (11.7+/-9.5), Cd (0.73+/-0.59) and Cr (6.5+/-6.9) were significantly greater in on-line HDF patients than in normal subjects (6+/-0.4; 0.6+/-0.2; 0.5+/-0.02), but similar to those of HD patients. In on-line HDF patients, Cu (85.3+/-17.7), Pb (8+/-4.6), Se (68+/-27) and Zn (546+/-103) concentrations were less than in normal subjects (108+/-3.4; 11+/-0.8; 95+/-1.8; 673+/-23), and those of Cu and Zn were also less than in HD patients (99.5+/-16.8; 670+/-65). At the end of an on-line HDF treatment (42-69 studies), there was a significant increase in Al (from 12.8+/-9.1 to 15.4+/-8.3), Cr (from 7.2+/-6.4 to 9.5+/-7), Cu (from 97.3+/-21.5 to 109.4+/-27.2) and Zn (from 577+/-108 to 619+/-117). A longitudinal study (n = 16-18) for 12-30 months documented stable concentrations of Al, Cd, Cr, Se and Zn and a significant increase of Cu and Pb to normal concentrations. In conclusion, our on-line HDF patients have elevated Al, Cd, Cr and decreased Cu, Pb, Se, Zn concentrations in plasma or whole blood determinations. Cu and Pb normalize with time; the other trace elements remain stable as documented by numerous determinations. As the values for on-line HDF patients are similar to those of HD patients, the level of accumulation or depletion of trace elements in on-line HDF can be considered as safe as in HD; the increase in Al, Cd, Cu and Zn at the end of treatment may be an expression of the increase of those trace elements linked to proteins.

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Subjects: Nephrology

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