Journal Article

On-line haemodiafiltration: state of the art.

B Canaud, J Y Bosc, H Leray, F Stec, A Argiles, M Leblanc and C Mion

in Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation

Volume 13, issue suppl_5, pages 3-11
Published in print January 1998 | ISSN: 0931-0509
Published online January 1998 | e-ISSN: 1460-2385 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ndt/13.suppl_5.3
On-line haemodiafiltration: state of the art.

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Faced with the shortcomings of conventional dialysis on a long-term basis, as illustrated by the dialysis-related pathology, a need for a new strategy exists to improve the overall quality of treatment in end-stage renal failure (ESRF) patients. On-line haemodiafiltration (HDF) seems to be the best therapeutic option to achieve this goal at the present time. By enhancing convective clearances through highly permeable membranes, HDF offers the greatest solute fluxes both for low and higher molecular weight uraemic toxins. As for example, in our routinely performed HDF programme based on 3 weekly sessions lasting 3-4 h each, double-pool urea Kt/V achieved was 1.55+/-0.20 and beta2-microglobulin Kt/V was 0.91. By producing substitution fluid from fresh dialysate, the technique of HDF is simplified and becomes economically affordable. By improving the haemodynamic tolerance, HDF allows more elderly and high risk cardiovascular patients to be treated more safely. By using bicarbonate-buffered infusate, HDF facilitates the correction of acidosis. Both by using ultrapure bicarbonate dialysate and down-regulating the membrane reactivity via a 'protein cake', HDF introduces the first step for a full haemocompatibility concept. Finally, by giving access to virtually unlimited amounts of sterile and non-pyrogenic fluid, HDF should introduce new therapeutic options such as a totally automated and feed-back-controlled machine. Today's on-line HDF is already a step forward to enhance the overall efficacy of renal replacement therapy and to improve the global care of ESRF patients.

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Nephrology

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