Journal Article

Monitoring dialysis efficacy by comparing delivered and predicted Kt/V.

J Beige, A M Sharma, A Distler, G Offermann and L Preuschof

in Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation

Published on behalf of European Renal Association - European Dialysis and Transplant Assoc

Volume 14, issue 3, pages 683-687
Published in print March 1999 | ISSN: 0931-0509
Published online March 1999 | e-ISSN: 1460-2385 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ndt/14.3.683
Monitoring dialysis efficacy by comparing delivered and predicted Kt/V.

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INTRODUCTION: In Europe, especially in Germany, little is currently known about the relationship between delivered and predicted haemodialysis doses for patients on maintenance haemodialysis. We compared delivered and predicted Kt/V in patients of an outpatient dialysis centre in Berlin by calculating the ratio of delivered and predicted Kt/V, resulting in the efficacy quotient, QE. Moreover, we studied the influence of technical and anthropometric parameters on both delivered Kt/V and QE under routine clinical conditions. METHODS: Blood samples were taken after the long interval in a thrice-weekly regimen before and 10 min after ultrafiltration and 100 ml/min slow-pump method. Delivered Kt/V was computed using the Daugirdas III formula. Predicted Kt/V was estimated from the dialysis filter urea clearance given by the manufacturer, treatment time and the total body water (V) computed by the Watson formula and was corrected for real blood flow. As and when appropriate, bivariate and multivariate regression analyses were used to make comparisons. RESULTS: The mean quotient (QE) between delivered and predicted Kt/V was 1.02+/-0.20. Mean delivered Kt/V in 377 treatments of 128 patients was 1.28+/-0.27. Delivered Kt/V and QE were positively associated (P<0.001). QE was significantly associated with post-HD urea, body mass index (BMI) and sex, but not with session time. Significant positive predictors for delivered Kt/V were post-dialysis urea, sex, session time, blood flow and kind of vascular access. BMI was inversely related to delivered Kt/V. DISCUSSION: In this study, the relationship between delivered and predicted Kt/V (QE) was reproducible and close to the ideal value of 1.0. In contrast to delivered Kt/V, QE was not influenced by session time, and positively by BMI. Since QE gives a valid measure of technical dialysis efficacy we suggest the use of this parameter in addition to delivered Kt/V to monitor HD adequacy in clinical routine more comprehensively.

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Subjects: Nephrology

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