Journal Article

Effect of dialyser biocompatibility on recovery from acute renal failure after cadaver renal transplantation.

J E Romão, H Abensur, M C de Castro, L E Ianhez, V C Massola and E Sabbaga

in Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation

Published on behalf of European Renal Association - European Dialysis and Transplant Assoc

Volume 14, issue 3, pages 709-712
Published in print March 1999 | ISSN: 0931-0509
Published online March 1999 | e-ISSN: 1460-2385 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ndt/14.3.709
Effect of dialyser biocompatibility on recovery from acute renal failure after cadaver renal transplantation.

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BACKGROUND: It has been reported that patients with acute renal failure (ARF) requiring haemodialysis show an improved recovery of renal function when the dialysis treatment is performed using a biocompatible membrane rather than a bioincompatible membrane. However, most recent published human trials have not been able to confirm these findings. METHOD: Over a 2-year period, we prospectively studied 53 patients with ARF after cadaver renal transplantation who required haemodialysis and randomized them into two treatment groups. One group underwent dialysis with a cuprophane membrane and the other group underwent haemodialysis with a more biocompatible membrane, polysulfone. All patients received an immunosuppressive regimen which included azathioprine, prednisone and cyclosporine. RESULTS: There was no difference by patient characteristics or immunosuppressive regimen before acute tubular necrosis (ATN) recovery. In both groups the number of haemodialysis sessions required prior to the recovery of renal function (6.57+/-2.79 vs 6.05+/-2.40), the number of oliguric days (16.25+/-5.14 vs 14.40+/-4.67) and the number of hospital days (33.38+/-12.85 vs 30.10+/-11.00), were not statistically different. There was also no difference in long-term allograft outcome. CONCLUSION: Our data demonstrate that the use of a more biocompatible membrane had no influence on the recovery from acute renal failure after renal transplantation.

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Nephrology

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