Journal Article

Leptin elimination in hyperleptinaemic peritoneal dialysis patients.

M Landt, C A Parvin, S Dagogo-Jack, B Bryant and D W Coyne

in Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation

Published on behalf of European Renal Association - European Dialysis and Transplant Assoc

Volume 14, issue 3, pages 732-737
Published in print March 1999 | ISSN: 0931-0509
Published online March 1999 | e-ISSN: 1460-2385 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ndt/14.3.732
Leptin elimination in hyperleptinaemic peritoneal dialysis patients.

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BACKGROUND: Elevated plasma concentrations of leptin, a hormone thought to regulate body composition by influencing food intake/metabolic rate, are prevalent in renal failure patients. The mechanism for these increases is not known, but evidence suggests that simple accumulation due to decreased elimination is insufficient explanation. METHODS: We studied the incidence of hyperleptinaemia in 28 end-stage renal disease patients treated with continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD), compared with body-mass-index-and sex-matched controls. Results were separated by gender because women have higher leptin concentrations than men. Excretion of leptin and other substances in dialysis fluid was also studied. RESULTS: Hyperleptinaemia was prevalent in women CAPD subjects, but not in men. Plasma leptin concentrations correlated strongly with the daily excretion of leptin in dialysis fluid. Clearance of leptin in dialysis fluid was greater in men than women CAPD subjects. Single regression analysis found that fasting insulin, glucose content of dialysis fluid, plasma albumin, C-reactive protein, erythropoietin dose, urinary creatinine clearance and plasma beta2-microglobulin were not determinants of plasma leptin concentrations. Stepwise forward multiple regression, examining the dependence of plasma leptin on body mass index, renal creatinine clearance, plasma albumin, daily dialysis fluid glucose load, daily leptin in dialysis fluid, erythropoietin dose and plasma C-reactive protein found only erythropoietin dose as a consistent negative predictor of plasma leptin concentrations. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that hyperleptinaemia of CAPD was due to predisposing loss of renal elimination capacity combined with increased production due to obesity (more prevalent in women subjects of this study) and potentially female gender.

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Subjects: Nephrology

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