Journal Article

Should anaemia in subtypes of CRF patients be managed differently?

C van Ypersele de Strihou

in Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation

Published on behalf of European Renal Association - European Dialysis and Transplant Assoc

Volume 14, issue suppl_2, pages 37-45
Published in print January 1999 | ISSN: 0931-0509
Published online January 1999 | e-ISSN: 1460-2385 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ndt/14.suppl_2.37
Should anaemia in subtypes of CRF patients be managed differently?

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In patients with cardiovascular disease, partial correction of anaemia with epoetin improves quality of life and exercise capacity, and reduces left ventricular hypertrophy. The currently recommended haemoglobin in these patients is 11-12 g/dl. The optimal haemoglobin in patients with diabetes mellitus does not differ from that in non-diabetic patients; however, haemoglobin should be increased slowly. There is no difference in the recommended haemoglobin between children and adults. However, epoetin sensitivity is lower in children who, therefore, typically need the same absolute dose of epoetin as adults. Epoetin treatment may delay the progression of chronic renal failure (CRF) in paediatric patients. Elderly patients obtain similar benefits from epoetin as younger adults; moreover, there are no differences in the doses of epoetin required or the optimal haemoglobin. There are very few data available on the effects of epoetin in patients with CRF and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. At present, a haemoglobin of 11 g/dl seems appropriate. In sickle-cell anaemia patients with CRF, a high haemoglobin could precipitate painful crises; consequently, the recommended haemoglobin is the pre-CRF concentration of 6-9 g/dl. There is no convincing evidence of any effect of previous epoetin treatment on the long-term outcome of renal transplantation. In patients with a failing or failed transplant, the required dose of epoetin may be higher than in pre-transplantation patients. In such cases, transplant nephrectomy might be considered.

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Nephrology

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