Journal Article

Effects of atorvastatin on dyslipidaemia in uraemic patients on peritoneal dialysis

Gilles Hufnagel, Catherine Michel, François Vrtovsnik, Guillaume Queffeulou, Niloufar Kossari and Françoise Mignon

in Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation

Published on behalf of European Renal Association - European Dialysis and Transplant Assoc

Volume 15, issue 5, pages 684-688
Published in print May 2000 | ISSN: 0931-0509
Published online May 2000 | e-ISSN: 1460-2385 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ndt/15.5.684
Effects of atorvastatin on dyslipidaemia in uraemic patients on peritoneal dialysis

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Background. Our purpose was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of atorvastatin, a potent cholesterol‐ and triglyceride‐lowering agent, in peritoneal dialysis patients with dyslipidaemia.

Methods. Peritoneal dialysis patients with hypercholesterolaemia were treated for 4 months with atorvastatin at a starting dose of 10 mg. The dose could be increased to 20 or 40 mg in order to achieve the following targets: plasma LDL‐cholesterol of 130 mg/dl for primary prevention of coronary heart disease, plasma LDL cholesterol of 100 mg/dl for secondary prevention, and plasma triglycerides of 200 mg/dl. Plasma lipid profile and liver and muscle enzyme levels were assessed at baseline and then monthly during treatment.

Results. Thirty‐one patients with hypercholesterolaemia were included (16 males and 15 females; mean age 57±16 years; mean duration of peritoneal dialysis 27±17 months). Nineteen of the patients also had hypertriglyceridaemia and seven had diabetes. Twenty patients had no coronary history (primary prevention), whereas nine had experienced a coronary event (secondary prevention). In the primary and the secondary prevention patients, mean LDL‐cholesterol levels (mg/dl) decreased significantly by 42 and 46% from 204±23 to 119±27 (P<0.001) and 198±37 to 104±21 (P<0.001), and mean triglyceride levels (mg/dl) decreased by 37 and 26% from 289±132 to 186±92 (P<0.001) and 201±62 to 150±54 (P<0.001 respectively). Nineteen primary prevention and seven secondary prevention patients achieved the LDL‐cholesterol target. The triglyceride target was achieved by 15 of the 19 hypertriglyceridaemic patients. Two patients stopped treatment (one because of gastrointestinal disturbances, the other because of an allergic skin reaction). After 4 months, there were no changes in enzyme levels.

Conclusion. Atorvastatin is an effective and safe lipid‐lowering agent for peritoneal dialysis patients with mixed dyslipidaemia.

Keywords: atorvastatin; hypercholesterolaemia; hypertriglyceridaemia; mixed dyslipidaemia; peritoneal dialysis

Journal Article.  3326 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Nephrology

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