Journal Article

Platelet‐derived growth factor, basic fibroblast growth factor, and interferon <i>γ</i> increase type IV collagen production in human fetal mesangial cells <i>via</i> a transforming growth factor‐<i>β</i>‐dependent mechanism

Hideaki Yamabe, Hiroshi Osawa, Mitsuaki Kaizuka, Satoru Tsunoda, Ken‐ichi Shirato, Fumiko Tateyama and Ken Okumura

in Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation

Published on behalf of European Renal Association - European Dialysis and Transplant Assoc

Volume 15, issue 6, pages 872-876
Published in print June 2000 | ISSN: 0931-0509
Published online June 2000 | e-ISSN: 1460-2385 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ndt/15.6.872
Platelet‐derived growth factor, basic fibroblast growth factor, and interferon γ increase type IV collagen production in human fetal mesangial cells via a transforming growth factor‐β‐dependent mechanism

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Background. Glomerulosclerosis is characterized by glomerular accumulation of extracellular matrix following mesangial cell proliferation. The precise pathomechanism of glomerulosclerosis is still undetermined. Platelet‐derived growth factor (PDGF) and basic fibroblast growth factor (b‐FGF) are known to be mitogenic for mesangial cells, and interferon γ (IFN‐γ) is known to have an inhibitory effect on mesangial cell proliferation. We attempted to clarify the role of these cytokines on mesangial matrix production using cultured human fetal mesangial cells (HMC).

Methods. HMC were incubated with these cytokines for 24–72 h and the levels of type IV collagen and TGF‐β in the cell supernatants were measured by enzyme immunoassay.

Results. PDGF, b‐FGF, and IFN‐γ stimulated type IV collagen production by HMC in a dose‐ and time‐dependent manner. The anti‐TGF‐β neutralizing antibody clearly inhibited their stimulatory effect on type IV collagen production. PDGF and b‐FGF also stimulated TGF‐β production by HMC in a dose‐dependent manner, although IFN‐γ did not.

Conclusion. PDGF, b‐FGF, and IFN‐γ stimulate type IV collagen production in cultured HMC via a TGF‐β‐dependent mechanism.

Keywords: b‐FGF; IFN‐γ; mesangial cell; PDGF; TGF‐β; type IV collagen

Journal Article.  3143 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Nephrology

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