Journal Article

Erythropoietin modulates angiotensin II‐ or noradrenaline‐induced Ca<sup>2+</sup> mobilization in cultured rat vascular smooth‐muscle cells

Tetsu Akimoto, Eiji Kusano, Nobuya Fujita, Koji Okada, Osamu Saito, Shuichi Ono, Yasuhiro Ando, Sumiko Homma, Toshikazu Saito and Yasushi Asano

in Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation

Published on behalf of European Renal Association - European Dialysis and Transplant Assoc

Volume 16, issue 3, pages 491-499
Published in print March 2001 | ISSN: 0931-0509
Published online March 2001 | e-ISSN: 1460-2385 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ndt/16.3.491
Erythropoietin modulates angiotensin II‐ or noradrenaline‐induced Ca2+ mobilization in cultured rat vascular smooth‐muscle cells

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Background. It has been reported that human recombinant erythropoietin (rHuEpo) modulates the sensitivity of the cardiovascular system to angiotensin II (Ang II) or noradrenaline (NA). In the present study, we explored the effect of rHuEpo on the responsiveness of Ang II‐ or NA‐induced cytosolic free calcium ([Ca2+]i) mobilization in cultured rat vascular smooth‐muscle cells (VSMC).

Methods. [Ca2+]i concentrations in VSMC were measured by using the calcium‐sensitive fluorescent dye fura‐2.

Results. The addition of rHuEpo (250 U/ml) alone induced elevation in [Ca2+]i, which remained significantly elevated above basal level for at least 60 min in the presence of extracellular Ca2+. Pre‐incubation with specific protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitor calphostin C (1 μmol/l) significantly reduced the peak and the sustained elevations of [Ca2+]i. Pre‐treatment with rHuEpo for 60 min increased both basal [Ca2+]i and the changes in [Ca2+]i by Ang II or NA in a dose‐dependent manner in the presence of extracellular Ca2+. The synergistic effects of rHuEpo with Ang II or NA were also retained when VSMC were bathed in the Ca2+‐free medium after the pre‐incubation of rHuEpo. Conversely, they were diminished in the presence of extracellular Ca2+ combined with intracellular Ca2+ release inhibitor 8‐(NN‐diethylamino)octyl‐1,3,4,5‐trimethoxybenzoate (TMB‐8). The synergistic effects of rHuEpo were also diminished by PKC depletion or by PKC inhibitor.

Conclusions. These observations suggest that rHuEpo has synergistic effects on Ang II‐ or NA‐induced [Ca2+]i mobilization, particularly on intracellular Ca2+ release, in VSMC. This may be a potential mechanism contributing to hypertension associated with rHuEpo therapy.

Keywords: angiotensin II; cytosolic free Ca2+ mobilization; erythropoietin; noradrenaline; protein kinase C; vascular smooth‐muscle cells

Journal Article.  5275 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Nephrology

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