Journal Article

High blood soluble receptor p80 for tumour necrosis factor‐α is associated with erythropoietin resistance in haemodialysis patients

Akihiko Kato, Mari Odamaki, Takako Takita, Mitsuyoshi Furuhashi, Yukitaka Maruyama and Akira Hishida

in Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation

Published on behalf of European Renal Association - European Dialysis and Transplant Assoc

Volume 16, issue 9, pages 1838-1844
Published in print September 2001 | ISSN: 0931-0509
Published online September 2001 | e-ISSN: 1460-2385 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ndt/16.9.1838
High blood soluble receptor p80 for tumour necrosis factor‐α is associated with erythropoietin resistance in haemodialysis patients

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Background. Inflammation is one of the major causes of resistance to erythropoietin (rHuEpo) treatment. Tumour necrosis factor‐α (TNF‐α), one of the most potent proinflammatory cytokines, is known to inhibit human erythropoiesis directly in vitro. Although blood levels of soluble receptors for TNF‐α (sTNFRs) are elevated in haemodialysis (HD) patients, the role of sTNFR for rHuEpo responsiveness in HD patients remains to be clarified.

Methods. We measured serum sTNFR (p55 and p80) levels in 83 stable outpatients undergoing regular HD (age 62±1, HD duration 15±1 years). After dividing the patients into three groups according to rHuEpo dose: (low (L) <60, n=31; moderate (M) ≥60 to <120, n=31; high (H) ≥120 U/kg/week rHuEpo, n=21), we examined the relationship between serum sTNFR levels and the degree of renal anaemia and rHuEpo dosage.

Results. Haemoglobin was significantly higher in patients receiving low rHuEpo dosage (L, 10.5±0.2; M, 9.7±0.1; H, 9.5±0.2 g/dl, P<0.01 vs M and H groups). There were no differences in blood TNF‐α, sTNFR p55, C‐reactive protein, albumin, ferritin, or intact parathyroid hormone levels among the three groups. Body mass index and creatinine generation rate, a marker of whole‐body muscle volume, were significantly reduced in group H (P<0.01). Serum sTNFR p80 levels were significantly higher in group H (4.88±0.45 ng/ml) than in L (3.73±0.14 ng/ml) and M (3.67±0.21 ng/ml) groups (P<0.05). The blood interleukin (IL)‐6 level was also increased in patients requiring high rHuEpo doses (L, 5.5±0.5; M, 6.4±0.5; H, 10.2±2.0 pg/ml, P<0.05 vs L and H groups). A stepwise regression analysis revealed that gender and sTNFR p80 were significant predictors of rHuEpo dosage. A significant direct relationship was found between rHuEpo dose and sTNFR p80 (r=0.499) and IL‐6 (r=0.439) values in women (P<0.01) but not in men.

Conclusions. These findings suggest that high blood sTNFR p80 may contribute to the development of rHuEpo resistance in female patients undergoing long‐term HD.

Keywords: erythropoietin; female; interleukin‐6; resistance; soluble TNF receptor

Journal Article.  4352 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: renal medicine

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