Journal Article

Anaemia in chronic renal disease: lessons learned since Seville 1994

Patrick Parfrey

in Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation

Published on behalf of European Renal Association - European Dialysis and Transplant Assoc

Volume 16, issue suppl_7, pages 41-45
Published in print October 2001 | ISSN: 0931-0509
Published online October 2001 | e-ISSN: 1460-2385 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ndt/16.suppl_7.41
Anaemia in chronic renal disease: lessons learned since Seville 1994

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Cardiovascular disease is the major cause of death among patients with end‐stage renal disease, accounting for almost half of all fatalities. In recent years much progress has been made in understanding the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease in the uraemic population. Anaemia is a consistent finding in chronic renal disease, affecting up to 90% of patients, and the central role of anaemia in the development of cardiovascular dysfunction is now well established. A significant proportion of patients have established cardiovascular complications on initiation of dialysis, raising the possibility of early correction of anaemia as a strategy for preventing cardiovascular co‐morbidities among renal patients. Randomized, controlled trials have shown that normalization of haemoglobin (Hb) with recombinant erythropoietin (rh‐Epo) is of no cardiovascular benefit in haemodialysis patients with symptomatic heart failure, ischaemic heart disease, or severe left ventricular dilatation, although suggestive evidence exists for benefits at earlier stages of cardiac disease. Results from large‐scale clinical trials are required to clarify the effects of early anaemia correction on mortality and cardiovascular function, as well as appropriate treatment targets in different patient populations. The potential exists for higher Hb levels to extend patient survival through cardioprotective effects.

Keywords: anaemia; cardiovascular disease; early intervention; target haemoglobin

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Nephrology

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