Journal Article

Nephrology, dialysis and transplantation in Turkey

Ekrem Erek, Gültekin Süleymanlar and Kamil Serdengeçti

in Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation

Published on behalf of European Renal Association - European Dialysis and Transplant Assoc

Volume 17, issue 12, pages 2087-2093
Published in print December 2002 | ISSN: 0931-0509
Published online December 2002 | e-ISSN: 1460-2385 | DOI:
Nephrology, dialysis and transplantation in Turkey

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The establishment of the Turkish Society of Nephrology (TSN) in 1970 coincided with that of many western European nephrology societies. The TSN organized the 15th ERA–EDTA Congress in Istanbul in 1978, earlier than many European Countries, and currently has 286 active members. At present, Turkey has 161 nephrologists, which equals 2.5 nephrologists per million population (p.m.p.).

The number of original articles submitted by Turkish authors to the journal Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation ranks 7th–8th amongst total submissions to the journal. Turkey also ranks 2nd–4th in the number of abstracts submitted to recent ERA–EDTA Congresses.

With 18 063 patients undergoing intermittent haemodialysis treatment in 348 dialysis centres, Turkey has the 5th largest chronic haemodialysis patient population among European countries. In addition, 1903 patients are currently undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis. However, with a total of 4693 renal transplants since 1975, of which only 21.3% were of cadaveric origin, Turkey lags considerably behind other European countries in renal transplantation.

In Turkey, the prevalence and incidence of renal replacement therapy (RRT) are at present 358 and 52 p.m.p. respectively, and the expansion rate of the RRT stock is 17% (HD 18.5%, CAPD 6%, and transplantation 1.7%). The yearly gross mortality rate of the total RRT population is 9.4%.

The present priorities of the Turkish nephrological community include high‐standard research activity and long‐term, prospective clinical and epidemiological studies, an increase in the total number and percentage of cadaveric transplants, further improvement of the quality and cost‐effectiveness of RRT, and finally the further development of scientific and educational collaboration with the world nephrological community.

Keywords: dialysis; nephrology; registry; transplantation; Turkey

Journal Article.  4318 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Nephrology

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