Journal Article

TNF-α renders human peritoneal mesothelial cells sensitive to anti-Fas antibody-induced apoptosis

Jinn-Yang Chen, Chin-Wen Chi, Hui-Ling Chen, Chiung-Pei Wan, Wu-Chang Yang and An-Hang Yang

in Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation

Published on behalf of European Renal Association - European Dialysis and Transplant Assoc

Volume 18, issue 9, pages 1741-1747
Published in print September 2003 | ISSN: 0931-0509
Published online September 2003 | e-ISSN: 1460-2385 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ndt/gfg275
TNF-α renders human peritoneal mesothelial cells sensitive to anti-Fas antibody-induced apoptosis

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Background. Fas-mediated apoptosis is important in the regulation of immune response. Human peritoneal mesothelial cells (HPMCs) are able to regulate peritoneal inflammation, but the role of Fas in HPMCs is not clear. This study addresses the mechanisms of Fas-mediated apoptosis in HPMCs.

Methods. Tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) primed HPMCs were stimulated with agonistic anti-Fas antibody. The expression of Fas was evaluated by real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (TaqMan quantitative polymerase chain reaction) and flow cytometry. Apoptosis was assessed by nuclear morphology, TUNEL assay, fractional DNA content and cytokeratin 18 cleavage. Caspase activation and bcl-2 expression were analysed by western blotting. The phagocytosis of apoptotic HPMCs was demonstrated by immunofluorescence and transmission electron microscopy.

Results. Cultured HPMCs constitutively expressed Fas, and the Fas expression was upregulated by TNF-α. TNF-α primed HPMCs underwent apoptosis after anti-Fas antibody treatment, and the apoptotic HPMCs could be phagocytosed by macrophages. TNF-α was able to downregulate bcl-2 expression. Activation of caspase-3 and caspase-8 was noted during the apoptotic process. The inhibitors of either caspase-3 or caspase-8 could prevent the Fas-induced apoptosis in HPMCs. We also detected increased HPMC apoptosis in dialysate effluent during the recovery phase of peritonitis in peritoneal dialysis patients.

Conclusions. TNF-α directs HPMCs to commit apoptosis via the Fas/Fas ligand pathway through a modulation of Fas and bcl-2. Our study shows that HPMCs undergo apoptosis during peritonitis and suggests that the apoptosis of HPMCs may be related to the resolution of peritoneal inflammation.

Keywords: apoptosis; caspase; Fas; mesothelial cells; tumour necrosis factor-α

Journal Article.  3957 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Nephrology

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