Journal Article

Intraperitoneal hydrostatic pressure and flow characteristics of peritoneal catheters in automated peritoneal dialysis

Renzo Scanziani, Beatrice Dozio, Ivano Baragetti and Serena Maroni

in Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation

Published on behalf of European Renal Association - European Dialysis and Transplant Assoc

Volume 18, issue 11, pages 2391-2398
Published in print November 2003 | ISSN: 0931-0509
Published online November 2003 | e-ISSN: 1460-2385 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ndt/gfg353
Intraperitoneal hydrostatic pressure and flow characteristics of peritoneal catheters in automated peritoneal dialysis

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Background. In automated peritoneal dialysis (APD) one of the most important factors that influence the efficiency of the treatment is the total volume of dialysate infused per session and the dwell time. This study is aimed at examining the relationships between i.p. pressure (IPP), dialysate flow characteristics, and different dialysate fill volumes in order to optimize APD.

Methods. We studied 20 patients who received APD, with the standard fill volume (2 l, A), or individualized fill volumes based on the patient’s body surface area (2.5 l/BSA/1.73 m, B) or on body weight (40 ml/kg body weight, C). The patient’s tolerance to a given fill volume was evaluated by measuring IPP, and catheter flow characteristics were evaluated by an automated machine.

Results. IPP increased with the increase of the infused volume of dialysate (P < 0.05) and tended towards a positive relationship with the patient’s body mass index (BMI: A vs IPP: R = 0.39, P = 0.0019; B vs IPP: R = 0.66, P = 0.0012; C vs IPP R = 0.55, P = 0.009). We also found a relationship between fill volume, BMI and IPP: IPP = 1.0839 + 0.53 (β) × BMI + 0.211 (β) × fill volume (R = 0.65; r2 = 0.40 P < 0.01). The mean IPP with different dialysate fill volumes tended to be related to the volume of dialysate drained at the transition point (R = 0.37; P < 0.05). The pre-transition flow rate/mean IPP ratio tended towards a positive relationship with the volume of dialysate drained at the transition point (R = 0.35, P < 0.05), the transition time (R = 0.34; P < 0.05) and a negative one with the transition volume (R = –0.35, P = 0.05).

Conclusion. It is possible to customize APD, where the tidal percentage coincides with the transition point for a given catheter and a specific initial dialysate fill volume, the tolerance of which can be measured by assessing IPP.

Keywords: automated peritoneal dialysis; fill volume; intraperitoneal hydrostatic pressure

Journal Article.  5852 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Nephrology

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