Journal Article

Impact of vitamin E on plasma asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) in chronic kidney disease (CKD): a pilot study

Rajiv Saran, James E. Novak, Anjali Desai, Emil Abdulhayoglu, Jeffrey S. Warren, Rami Bustami, Garry J. Handelman, Damian Barbato, William Weitzel, Louis G. D'Alecy and Sanjay Rajagopalan

in Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation

Published on behalf of European Renal Association - European Dialysis and Transplant Assoc

Volume 18, issue 11, pages 2415-2420
Published in print November 2003 | ISSN: 0931-0509
Published online November 2003 | e-ISSN: 1460-2385 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ndt/gfg406
Impact of vitamin E on plasma asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) in chronic kidney disease (CKD): a pilot study

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Background. Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), an endogenous inhibitor of endothelial nitric oxide synthase and a proposed cardiovascular risk factor, is elevated in chronic kidney disease (CKD). Pharmacological strategies that lower plasma concentration of ADMA may be expected to increase nitric oxide (NO·) bioavailability and potentially limit atherosclerosis. We hypothesized that the antioxidant α-tocopherol (vitamin E) reduces ADMA levels in CKD.

Methods. An open-label pilot interventional study using 800 IU of vitamin E was undertaken in eight stable out-patients with non-diabetic CKD (creatinine clearance <30 ml/min/1.73 m2) and six healthy controls, with the objective of measuring plasma ADMA levels at baseline and after 8 weeks of treatment. Plasma ADMA, symmetric dimethylarginine (SDMA) and α-tocopherol concentrations were determined at study entry and exit using high-performance liquid chromatography, while plasma total F2-isoprostanes, an index of oxidative stress, were measured using a commercially available enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kit.

Results. ADMA and SDMA concentrations were significantly higher in the plasma of patients compared with that of controls (P ≤ 0.001). After treatment with vitamin E, ADMA decreased by 23% in six of eight patients (P <0.001). The remaining two patients showed either an increase or no change (overall, P = 0.16). There was no significant change in plasma F2-isoprostanes with vitamin E treatment for 8 weeks.

Conclusions. Antioxidant therapy with vitamin E has the potential to lower ADMA levels in CKD patients, implying increased NO· availability. This strategy merits further exploration in the setting of CKD prior to renal replacement.

Keywords: asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA); chronic kidney disease; isoprostane; nitric oxide; α-tocopherol; vitamin E

Journal Article.  3264 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Nephrology

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